Davos (Romansh: Tavau , archaic Italian: Tavate, German pronunciation [daˈvoːs]) is a municipality in the Prättigau/Davos Region in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. It has a permanent population of 11,109 (2015). Davos is located on the Landwasser River in the Rhaetian Alps between the Plessur and Albula Ranges. At 1,560 m (5,120 ft), it is the highest “town” in Europe. In the 13th century, when the Walsers settled in the Davos region to live as farmers, no one thought of Davos would become Europe’s highest altitude holiday town some 700 years later. The shift from peasant village to an international resort area was initiated by Dr. Alexander Spengler’s discovery of the curing influence the Davos climate has on tuberculosis. Today, Davos is a dynamic alpine resort and tourist region offering a wide range of activities in the Alps all year round. As the largest mountain resort in Europe, Davos offers unforgettable natural experiences and a broad range of delights. Davos offers an exceptional variety of infrastructures, services and activities designed to address a diversity of needs. When it comes to quality, guests staying in Davos feel as if they are with friends. For anyone favoring tranquility over busy city life there is no doubt they will find peace and quiet, while being at the heart of nature in the Davos’ vast outdoors.